The basic purpose of decentralization policy is to reduce regional disparity and promote development equality in a region. However, Prof. Tommy Firman said that in the perspective of regional development, decentralization in Indonesia has not given maximum impact.
Tommy Firman, a professor in Regional and Rural Planning Research Group in School of Architecture, Planning, and Policy Development (SAPPK) of ITB, said that decentralization policy in Indonesia is still young. It just began to implement in 1999, not long after the end of New Order or about 20 years ago, whereas in the USA, decentralization has been running for around 200 years.
He said that metropolis such as Jakarta, Bandung, and Surabaya remain the power in economy and development, whereas other regions are yet to be optimally developed. He wrote this conclusion on his research regarding 20 years of decentralization in Indonesia: a perspective on regional development.
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